It is crucial to get an ASD diagnosis early so that treatment can start as soon as possible. Children may have different symptoms and severity.
There are two types of symptoms: problems with social interaction or behavioral patterns. Asperger’s sufferers are more verbal and intellectually gifted than other autism types.
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Examples of communication or interaction problems include:
- Not maintaining eye contact or making eye contact
- Problems starting or continuing a conversation
- Not being able to express emotions or feelings, or having difficulty understanding the feelings of others
ASD patients may exhibit certain behavioral patterns, such as:
- Being agitated when they are disrupted by others and following certain routines.
- Reactivity very high or very low to sensory stimulation
- Fixating on an activity or thing that has an excessive amount of intensity
The majority of treatment focuses on teaching children to interact better with others. This can encourage positive behavior while discouraging bad ones.
ASD treatment doesn’t have to be limited to behavior therapy. There are many other treatments available, including medication and diet changes.
Who can treat Asperger’s syndrome
A screening for ASD begins at the child’s regular visits. A more thorough screening is recommended if the doctor detects any developmental issues.
A more thorough screen can be done by your child’s primary doctor. They may refer you to a specialist such as a child psychologist or child neurologist.
A variety of specialists can be added to a child’s treatment team once they have been diagnosed with ASD. A few examples of professionals that may be involved with ASD treatment are:
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- Primary care physicians or pediatricians
- developmental pediatricians
- Psychologists or psychiatrists
- Speech or language therapists
- Physical therapists
- Occupational therapists
- Teachers or social workers
What are the goals for Asperger’s treatment?
The ultimate goal of treatment is to improve the functioning ability of ASD patients.
Although Asperger’s is a milder type of autism, it can still be beneficial for children to receive early intervention. They can get the help they need to be socially and behaviorally competent for their entire lives.
What are the different types of treatment?
There are many treatments available for Asperger’s. These can include:
- Psychological therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy
- Art and music therapy
- Dietary changes
- Alternative treatment options
Asperger’s can be treated with a variety of psychological therapies. Some examples include:
Cognitive behavioral therapy can be used to treat anxiety and depression as well as other psychological problems that Asperger’s sufferers may face.
Training in social skills can be helpful for Asperger’s to understand and communicate with others.
Occupational therapy or physical therapy can be used to help improve motor skills for people with Asperger’s who have difficulty with coordination.
Family therapy is a way to help Asperger’s parents and family members learn how to communicate with their child in a positive manner that encourages good social skills.
ABA (applied behavior analysis) is another type of therapy that may be used. ABA can be used to help improve a range of skills. It encourages positive behavior and discourages negative ones.
ASD and Asperger’s are not treated with approved medications. There may be other medications that are prescribed. Because Asperger’s may be accompanied by other conditions, this is why it is possible to prescribe multiple medications. Some examples include:
Anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and social anxiety are often treated with antidepressant medications known as SSRIs, or anti-anxiety medication.
Depression can be treated with a variety of antidepressant medications.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be treated with medications such as methylphenidate
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, also known as OCD, can be treated using medications such as SSRIs.
Bipolar disorder can be treated with many medications, including mood stabilizers and antipsychotics.
Sleep problems can be treated with melatonin
Language therapy and speech therapy
Asperger’s sufferers often have strong language skills. They may still be able to benefit from speech-language therapy.
This therapy can help them improve their monotonous or unusual conversational tone. It can also be used to help Asperger’s patients understand and respond to figures of speech or implied meaning.
Art and music therapy
Music therapy and art therapy can address various cognitive, emotional, and social needs. Music and art can be used to enhance communication or social skills. Making music together encourages eye contact, turning the other person around, and engagement.
These therapies are not known to benefit Asperger’s sufferers. There have been limited studies. A 2008 case study showed that art therapy for seven months helped an Asperger’s girl communicate better and be more comfortable in social interactions.
ASD can be treated with dietary treatment. Some people with ASD might be gluten-free or free from casein. People with ASD may also use vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid as supplements.
ASD diets are not supported by science and may pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies. Supplements, especially when given to children have their own set risks.
ASD can be treated with other treatments. A recent study found that 46.8% of adult Asperger’s sufferers had tried alternative therapies during their lives.
It’s important to keep in mind that there has been very little research on the effectiveness of alternative treatments. Many have not examined Asperger’s in detail. Many of the existing studies involve only a few participants and have different study parameters.